Introduction To The Types Of Planting Machine

  • Various Planting Machine have appeared one after another, so how to distinguish the classification of planters?

    According to the power of planters, it is basically divided into human planters, animal power planters, mechanical planters, electric planters, etc.

    According to the different crops, it can be divided into corn planter, soybean planter, rice planter, wheat planter and so on.

    According to the seeding method, it can be divided into spreaders, drill seeders, drill seeders, precision seeders, combined operation no-tillage seeders and so on.

    (1) Grain drill. It consists of a frame, a ground wheel, a transmission mechanism, a seed metering device, a fertilizer discharging device, a seed box, a fertilizer box, a ditch opener, a soil covering device and a suppressing wheel. According to the connection with the tractor, it can be divided into traction type and suspension type. It can complete the processes of trenching, fertilizing, seeding, soil covering and suppression at one time. It is mainly used for drilling wheat, soybeans, corn, etc., equipped with small trough wheel for seeding. The model of the device can also sow grass seeds.

    (2) Single-grain precision seeder. The seeding unit is mostly connected with the frame. The seeding unit is generally composed of a furrow opener, a seed pressing wheel, a profiled depth-limiting wheel, a pressing wheel, a seed box, and a transmission mechanism. It can sown corn, soybeans, sorghum, sugar beet, cotton and other arable crops. In some areas, wheat can also be sown in precision.

    (3) Hole seeder. The structure of the frame has a grain drill and a precision seeder. The seed meter is a nest-and-eye wheel type, with 2 to 3 seeds per hole. It is used for hole sowing of corn, soybeans, cotton, peanuts, etc., as well as wheat hole sowing. Machine, cast 6 to 11 seeds per hole.

    (4) Rotary tillage planter. A rotary tiller roller is arranged in front of the opener, and the power of the tractor power output shaft is transmitted to the rotary tiller roller through a universal joint drive shaft through a gear box. During operation, the rotary tillage knife performs rotary tillage and chopped up the upper soil and vegetation, the opener opens the ditch, and the seeds fall into the bottom of the ditch to cover the soil thrown by the rotary tiller, and then are suppressed by the suppression wheel to complete the sowing process. The main advantage of the rotary tillage planter is the joint operation, which can complete the rotary tillage, soil preparation, trenching, fertilization, seeding, soil covering and suppression, etc. processes at one time, reducing the number of operations and saving costs. Rotary tillage planters are mostly drill seeding and hole seeding, which are currently widely used in our country.

    (5) Film planter. It is an organic combination of film spreader and planter, and it is a compound work tool. In addition to the typical structure of the planter, there are also flat soil frames and pressure rollers, film bundles, film spreading rollers, film rollers, duckbill roller type caverns, soil covering discs, etc. When working, the flat soil frame and the pressure roller will flatten and compact the ground, and the ground film will be spread on the ground by spreading and pressing rollers, and then the ground film will be compacted with the ground by a film roller. The duckbill roller type cavern is as required The row spacing and plant spacing are perforated and seeded, and then covered with soil. Film planters are mostly hole-seeding, which can be used for hole-seeding of wheat, cotton, peanuts, etc.

    (6) No-tillage planter.

    (7) Plug seeder. It is composed of soil filling, pit pressing, precision seeding, soil covering, leveling, and transmission output mechanism. The unit is usually in the form of a fixed assembly line, powered by a motor, and used in a large shed. It is mainly used for seedling seedlings in plug trays. Not extensive.

    (8) Vegetable Seed Planter Machine. The hopper is generally made of stainless steel, and the spreading wheel is usually geared. The power of the tractor's power output shaft is transmitted to the spreading wheel through the gear transmission. The seeds in the hopper fall on the spreading wheel and are spread to the ground under the action of centrifugal force. The spreader is mainly used for sowing grass seeds on a large area of ​​pasture, sowing green manure seeds before rice is harvested, and sowing tree seeds on a large area in forest areas. The spreader can be used to sow seeds and granular fertilizer, which is convenient and fast to operate.